The whole Quran has been memorized by a large number of Muslims in the lifetime of Muhammad. Zaid produced a whole copy of the Quran written on pages of leather. It was arranged in the order we have today. This copy was then entrusted with the second Caliph, Omar, and finally with the third Caliph, Othman.
During the reign of Othman, the Arabs came to know the paper industry from China and Othman called on Zaid to head a committee of four Quranic scholars who would take on the task of making seven copies. At least three of those original copies of the Quran are still intact, one in Tashkent, one in Istanbul, and one in Cairo.
They do not differ in one letter from the millions of copies of the Quran that are in the hands of people today. This authentication of the last revelation is in itself miraculous. The Quran is the oldest book within the hands of humanity that has been kept intact in exactly the same language of revelation word for word and letter for letter. That is why the Quran is unique, because it is the word of the Creator in its purest divinity. Muslims believe in the authentic original revelations given to Prophets Moses, David and Jesus, but none of these original revelations is found intact, and none is found in the original language of revelation, and here the Quran stands unique in its divine purity.
Again the Quran is different from any human writings because it is neither prose nor poetry. It came to the Arabs when they were at their peak in eloquence and challenged them to produce one single chapter of it, or similar to it, or to produce ten similar chapters or even a book like it. This challenge still exists today and no challenger is forthcoming. The early scholars of the Quran thought that its miraculous nature was due mainly to its style and beautiful expression. The beauty of expression is really unique and cannot be paralleled by human writings.
That is why the early commentators of the Quran concentrated on its eloquence and style.
Yet being the word of the Creator, any area that has been covered in the Quran must be unique. If you look at jurisprudence the Quran is unique, in the area of worship, the Quran instructs people how to worship Allah. The concepts of Divinity, prophet hood, and morality are all unique in the Quran.
If we look at the narration of history of previous nations, one after the other, and how they received the divine message, their reaction towards it and what their reward or punishment was, at a time when there was no form of regular documentation whatsoever. The Quran talks about these successive nations without a single mistake, and modern archaeological discoveries are a testimony to this. Besides religious guidance, the Quran contains hundreds of verses that speak of the universe, its components and phenomena such as the Earth, the sun, the moon, the stars, mountains, wind, running water, plants, embryological animals, and the successive stages of development of the human being.
More than 1, verses relating to cosmic facts or cosmic phenomena can be counted in the Quran. During the early days of the Quran, scientific knowledge of the universe was limited and it was not easy to elaborate on the verses relating to the universe or its phenomena except within the limitations of the time.
However, we now know about the laws of the universe much more than before and that is why reviewing the 1, or more verses relating to the cosmos, man and his surroundings can be one of the most obvious miraculous aspects of the Quran. This is because of the precedence of the Quran, which was revealed more than 14 Centuries ago, with many of the scientific facts, at a time when people had no knowledge whatsoever of such facts.
The Quran has addressed so many of these facts in a language that is more precise, accurate and concise than scientists have ever been able to do. Nothing in the Quran contradicts any established scientific facts. These cannot be all covered in a short article and hence I have chosen only five verses that can testify to the miraculous nature of the Quran from a scientific point of view:.
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These then divided to form stars, planets, the sun, the moon, etc. The Quran contains the following verse, regarding the origin of the universe:. Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were once a joined entity, then We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe? Quran, How could a book, which first appeared in the deserts of Arabia years ago, contain this profound scientific truth?
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The expansion of the universe is now an established scientific fact. This is what the Quran says regarding the formation of the universe:. And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander. In short, huge gaseous matter or clouds were present before the formation of the galaxies. The following Quranic verse refers to this state of the universe by the word dukhan which means smoke:.
Then He turned to the heaven when it was smoke What then, could have been the source of this knowledge? Recent discoveries prove that there are pain receptors present in the skin without which a person would not be able to feel pain. When a doctor examines a patient suffering from burn injuries, he verifies the degree of burns by a pinprick.
If the patient feels pain, the doctor is happy, because it indicates that the burns are superficial and the pain receptors are intact.
On the other hand if the patient does not feel any pain, it indicates that it is a deep burn and the pain receptors have been destroyed. The Quran gives an indication of the existence of pain receptors in the following verse:. Indeed, those who disbelieve in Our verses i. Every time their skins are roasted through We will replace them with other skins so they may taste the punishment.
Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted in Might and Wise.
But those who believe and do righteous deeds - We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide forever. Tagatat Tejasen, Chairman of the Dept. Initially he could not believe that the Quran mentioned this scientific fact years ago. He later verified the translation of this particular Quranic verse. Tejasen was so impressed by the scientific accuracy of the Quranic verse, that at a medical Conference in he proclaimed in public the Shahadah Islamic Declaration of Faith , i. Indeed, We have sent down iron in which there is great military might and benefits for the people.
It has recently been proven that all iron, not only in our planet but also in the entire solar system, was obtained from outer space. This is because the temperature of the sun cannot generate iron. The sun has a surface temperature of degrees Celsius and a central temperature of about 20 million degrees Celsius. There exists much hotter stars, which are known as novae, or super novae where temperatures can reach s of billions of degrees Celsius and it is in these stars that iron is formed.
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When the percentage of iron reaches a certain proportion of the mass of the star it explodes and these exploded-particles travel in space until they are captured by the gravitational fields of other heavenly bodies. This is how our solar system all obtained its iron and it is an established fact today that all the iron in our solar system was not generated or created within the system but has come to it from outer space.
Allah says in the Quran:. We shall show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. Some people may require ten signs while some may require hundred signs to be convinced about the Divine origin of the Quran. Some would be unwilling to accept the Truth even after being shown a thousand signs. So what does the Creator, Allah, tell us about our purpose in life? Very simple!
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Quran, ,65,73,85; Also ,61,84; and , Allah further states that He made this life in order to test man so that every person may be recompensed after death for what he has earned:. But in order to worship Him, we have to know Him well otherwise we may form a distorted concept of Him and then go astray.
In the Quran Allah tells mankind what He is and what He is not. He neither begets nor is born, nor is there to Him any equivalent. Also, Allah has to tell us how He wants to be worshipped, which He does in the Quran. He also tells us in the Quran that all Prophets came with the same identical message to their people - that is to believe in Allah and to worship Him.
He also tells us in the Quran that all the people of other religions have deviated from the original teachings of their prophets. This is due to two reasons. The first is that earlier scriptures were not preserved simply because of the absence or scarcity of writing paper and so the teachings were transmitted orally and with time became distorted. The second reason is because the clergy of various religions introduced doctrines that were never there e.
Allah provides a test to prove that the Quran is from Him. Allah says:. Then do they not reflect upon the Quran? The Quran is available for scrutiny and investigation by any person to try to find even one error or contradiction in it.